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Periodontics

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Periodontal disease (gum disease) is the leading cause of tooth loss.

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with structures surrounding the teeth and include gums, ligaments and bone. The CDC estimates that nearly 50% of the adult US population have some form of periodontal disease. Of those, the majority is not aware of their condition. The reason for this is that in the early and moderate stages, periodontal disease presents subtle symptoms like minimal gum bleeding or slight bad breath.

We treat periodontal disease with non surgical scaling and root planing, and adjunctive treatments.

Scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) is the standard of care to treat early, moderate and focal severe periodontitis. Our dentists and dental hygienist have vast experience and knowledge in treating this condition. We also educate our patients in the importance of home care and the need for continued visits to maintain healthy gums.

Gum disease is not only limited to the mouth.

Research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases. For a long time it was thought that bacteria was the factor that linked periodontal disease to other disease in the body; however, more recent research demonstrates that inflammation may be responsible for the association. Therefore, treating inflammation may not only help manage periodontal diseases but may also help with the management of other chronic inflammatory conditions

 

Periodontal Disease and...

1. cardiovascular disease
Several studies have shown that periodontal disease is associated with heart disease. While a cause-and-effect relationship has not yet been proven, research has indicated that periodontal disease increases the risk of heart disease. It is believed that inflammation caused by periodontal disease may be responsible for this association.
Additional studies have pointed to a relationship between periodontal disease and stroke. In one study that looked at the causal relationship of oral infection as a risk factor for stroke, people diagnosed with acute cerebrovascular ischemia were found more likely to have an oral infection when compared to those in the control group.

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2. Diabetes

People with diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than people without diabetes, probably because people with diabetes are more susceptible to contracting infections. In fact, periodontal disease is often considered a complication of diabetes. Those people who don't have their diabetes under control are especially at risk.

Research has suggested that the relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease goes both ways - periodontal disease may make it more difficult for people who have diabetes to control their blood sugar.

Severe periodontal disease can increase blood sugar, contributing to increased periods of time when the body functions with a high blood sugar. This puts people with diabetes at increased risk for diabetic complications.

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3. Tobacco Use
Tobacco use is linked with many serious illnesses such as cancer, lung disease and heart disease, as well as numerous other health problems. Tobacco users also are at increased risk for periodontal disease. Studies have shown that tobacco use may be one of the most significant risk factors in the development and progression of periodontal disease..
4. Pregnancy

Pregnant women who have periodontal disease may be more likely to have a baby that is born too early and too small. However, more research is needed to confirm how periodontal disease may affect pregnancy outcomes.

All infections are cause for concern among pregnant women because they pose a risk to the health of the baby. The Academy recommends that women considering pregnancy have a periodontal evaluation.

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Scaling and Root Planing